100 Stewart Hotel and Apartments
- Olson Kundig
- Seattle, USA
Located in the heart of downtown Seattle, 100 Stewart Hotel and Apartments serves as a contemporary landmark that visually and physically responds to the surrounding urban context. The site is situated adjacent to the historic Pike Place Market District and is neighbored by a range of buildings that represent Seattle’s rich history. For that reason, one of the primary architectural considerations of the project was the scale of the new structure and its relationship to smaller, older buildings in the surrounding area. The site’s position at a major axial grid shift―where First Avenue bends to meet the city’s topography―also presented a unique opportunity to mark this significant intersection and act as a gateway between neighborhoods.
“The complex program of this project allowed us to explore the urban built environment under all conditions―from private to public and interior to exterior.” ― Tom Kundig, FAIA, RIBA
The building is composed of two primary elements that break the expression of the structure: a focal point “glass lantern” with geometric shifts that physically mimic the street grid alignment; and the adjoining frame of solid façades that provides a visual counterpoint.
“The geometric shifts of the translucent lantern physically respond to the shifting of the street grid’s alignment and offers a diverse series of views.” – Kirsten R. Murray, FAIA
Drawing from its surrounding context the building features an interior courtyard that offers a quiet, protected area as an entry point to the hotel. The Pike Place Market District has a pattern of existing pedestrian circulation through courtyards and alleys that evoke a sense of wander and exploration. The 100 Stewart courtyard endeavors to connect the building to these pedestrian pathways in addition to serving to bring in natural light, air and ventilation. Punched openings higher up in the structure also allow people to see into the building, invoking a sense of visual accessibility.
Aside from the glass lantern element, the building’s street facing structure is an integrally colored cement panel façade system that fits with the surrounding historic brick buildings. Finishes within the courtyard are light and white to create more reflectivity.
Conceptually, the building is denoted by both introverted and extroverted spaces, while the iconic glass lantern is symbolic of the hotel’s relationship with Seattle, the Pacific Rim and wider world―it serves as an inviting and luminous entity.
“Our work has always been context-driven. It’s about how we, as architects, draw on a specific context to create spaces that feel authentic, meaningful, and human in scale. It’s about how we create prospect and refuge.” ― Tom Kundig, FAIA, RIBA
Project Team: Tom Kundig, FAIA, RIBA, Design Principal; Kirsten R. Murray, FAIA, Principal; Jeff Ocampo, LEED® AP, Project Manager; Brian Walters, LEED® AP, Project Architect; Hayden Robinson, Edward Lalonde, Evan Harlan, and Lori Kirsis Architectural Staff
Contractor: Turner Construction
Key Consultants: Jensen Fey Architecture, Interior Design; Magnusson Klemencic Associates, Civil and Structural Engineer; Swift Company, Landscape Architect